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Mobility Of Labour

Mobility of Labour, Types of mobility
Meaning

It means "the capacity and ability of labour to move from one place to another or from one occupation to another or from one job to another or from one industry to another."

Types of mobility of labour

Mobility of labour is of following types.

  • Geographical Mobility - When a labourer moves from one region to another, within the boundaries of a nation or from one nation to another is called geographical mobility of labour.

  • Occupational Mobility - Movement of labourers from one job to another is occupational mobility. This is in addition classified into Horizontal and vertical nobilities. Horizontal mobility means movement in occupation by a labourer from one grade to the different job in the same grade. Whereas vertical mobility denotes, up gradation of jobs and status from lower to higher from one occupation to another is called vertical mobility.

  • Mobility amidst industries - Movement of labourers from one industry to another without changing the occupation is known as industrial mobility.
Factors Determining mobility of labour
  • Education and Training - The mobility of labour is based on the knowledge and skill. The more of knowledge, the chance of movement amplifies.

  • Outlook or Urge - The outlook or urge of workers to rise in life determines their mobility. If they are optimist and broad minded, they will move to other jobs and places. Differences in language, habits, religion, and caste will not be an obstacle in their mobility.

  • Social Set-up - The mobility of labour also depends upon the social setup. A society dominated caste system and joint family system lacks in mobility of labour. But in the cases where the convictions do not exist has mobility.

  • Means of Transport - Sophisticated modes of transport and communication encourage mobility of labour. In case of emergency, communication with their families or through aviation facilities one can meet out the situation.

  • Agricultural Development - At the times of vacation, in the event of agricultural development, labour moves from high populated area to a lower populace.

  • Peace and Security - The mobility of labour also based to a huge extent to the law and order in the nation. In the event, if the properties of the populace are not safe, they will not tend to move from their current place to another place and to any corresponding occupation.
Obstacles of Mobility of Labour

There are several factors which encumber mobility of labour. They are changes in weather, religious conviction, caste and creed, behaviour and mannerisms, traditions and convictions, mother tongues, likings and choices etc. The other factors are uneducated, lack of knowledge, indebtedness, affection to wealth and land, deficiency, economic backwardness, lack of modes of transportation, communicating skills and certainly redundancy.

Merits of Mobility of Labour

To augment productive efficiency, the mobility of labour helps a ton. Whist the workers earning capacity also raises when they are prepared to shift from places to better places. They get high paid jobs leaving low paid work. It resolves the complexity of redundancy when the workers move from place to place. Also fiscal development happens when unemployed shifts to public works like construction of dams, building roads and canals etc. Thus it amplifies production, employment and earnings.

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